Mediation in Jct Contract

Mediation in JCT Contract: An Effective Dispute Resolution Method

Construction projects often involve different parties, such as contractors, architects, and clients. With multiple parties involved, disputes can arise, which can cause delays and cost overruns. To avoid costly litigation, many construction contracts include a dispute resolution clause. This clause outlines the methods that the parties can use to resolve disputes. One popular method is mediation, which is effective and efficient. This article will discuss mediation in JCT (Joint Contracts Tribunal) contracts and its benefits.

What is Mediation?

Mediation is a form of dispute resolution in which the parties involved in a dispute meet with a neutral third party to discuss the issues and reach a mutually satisfactory agreement. Unlike litigation, mediation is a non-adversarial process where the parties work together to find a solution. The mediator does not make decisions but rather facilitates the conversation, helping the parties to communicate and understand each other`s positions.

Mediation in JCT Contracts

JCT contracts are widely used in the UK construction industry to define the rights and obligations of the parties involved in a construction project. The standard form of the JCT contract includes a dispute resolution clause that provides for mediation as an option for resolving disputes.

The clause outlines the steps that the parties must take to initiate mediation. Typically, the party who wishes to initiate mediation must give notice in writing to the other party, indicating their willingness to mediate. The notification must include the details of the dispute, the proposed mediator, and the timeframe for the mediation.

Benefits of Mediation in JCT Contracts

Mediation has significant benefits over other forms of dispute resolution, especially in the context of JCT contracts.

1. Cost-Effective

Mediation is a cost-effective way of resolving disputes, as it is less expensive than litigation. Mediation sessions are typically shorter than court proceedings, which means that the parties spend less time and money on legal fees.

2. Confidentiality

Mediation is a private process, which means that the parties can keep the details of the dispute confidential. Unlike litigation, where court proceedings are public, the parties involved in mediation can agree to keep everything confidential.

3. Time-Saving

Mediation is usually faster than litigation, which means that it can save the parties a lot of time and effort. The parties can set their own schedule for mediation and can reach a resolution in a matter of hours or days, rather than weeks or months.

4. Flexible

Mediation is a flexible process that allows the parties to craft their solution. Unlike litigation or arbitration, where the decision is made by a judge or an arbitrator, the parties can work together to find a solution that meets their needs.


Mediation is an effective and efficient method for resolving disputes in JCT contracts. It is a cost-effective, confidential, time-saving, and flexible process that can help the parties find a mutually satisfactory solution. By including a dispute resolution clause in the contract, the parties can avoid costly litigation, reduce delays, and promote a better working relationship.



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