Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road

The Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road, also known as the CMR Convention, is an international treaty that governs the movement of goods by road across national borders. The convention sets out the rights and obligations of carriers, consignors, and consignees, and serves to standardize regulations and procedures for international road transport.

The CMR Convention was adopted by the United Nations in 1956 and has since been ratified by over 50 countries, primarily in Europe and Asia. Its aim is to facilitate international trade and commerce by establishing a legal framework for the transportation of goods by road.

Under the CMR Convention, a carrier is defined as any person who contracts to transport goods by road for payment. Carriers are required to provide written confirmation of the contract of carriage, which must include details such as the names and addresses of the parties, the nature and quantity of the goods, the place and time of delivery, and the agreed price.

The convention also includes provisions on the liability of carriers for loss, damage, or delay to goods in transit. Carriers are held responsible for any loss or damage to goods that occurs during transit, unless they can prove that the damage was caused by an act of God, inherent vice, or the fault of the consignor or consignee.

In addition, the CMR Convention establishes a system of documentation for the transport of goods by road. Carriers are required to issue a consignment note, which serves as proof of the contract of carriage and provides information about the goods being transported. The consignment note must accompany the goods throughout the journey, and a copy must be provided to the consignor and consignee.

Overall, the CMR Convention plays a critical role in facilitating international trade by providing a consistent and transparent legal framework for the movement of goods by road. Its provisions on carrier liability and documentation help to ensure that goods are transported safely and efficiently across borders, while reducing the risk of disputes and legal issues. As such, the convention is an essential tool for businesses and organizations involved in international logistics and transportation.



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